RAFT: Role, Audience, Format, Topic


Description

  • RAFT is a post-learning strategy that helps students focus, clarify and look at content from a different perspective.
  • Write a RAFT prompt specifying the following criteria:
  1. Role - from whose perspective
  2. Audience - to which audience
  3. Format - what is the product
  4. Topic - about what and for what purpose
    The teacher can write several prompts to give students a choice.
    Examples of roles, audiences, formats and topics are given in the table below
Role
Audience
Format
Topic
Newspaper reporter
Police officer
Your pet dog
Your heart
A basketball
Number or letter
Congressional delegate
Parent
Molecule or atom
Time traveler
Pioneer
Self
Employee
Homeless person
Newspaper columnist
Parent
Sun or moon
Principal or teacher
President
Rock star
TV audience
Cigarette manufacturer
Shade tree
Solution to a problem
Your dog
Prospective employer
Historical figure
Brother at college
Obituary
Text message
Email
Postcard
Brochure
Biography
Diary
Travel guide
Drawing or illustration
Map
Video
Cartoon
Advertisement
Letter
Include the content
plus a reason
for writing
Complaint
Explain relationship
Information
Locate
Cause and effect
Compare and contrast
Cycles
Position statement
Persuasion
Support or opposition\
Adventure

Examples

  • [These are adapted from or inspired by resource 1.]
  1. (You) write an email to an absent classmate telling her what she missed in class today.
  2. You are the square root of a number. Write a love letter to that number explaining your relationship.
  3. Write a thank-you note from a red blood cell thanking the bone marrow for your creation.
  4. As an electron, you travel many places. Create an illustrated booklet to show your most recent business trip.
  5. You are a reporter from the Atlanta Journal Constitution. Write a telegraph message from Gettysburg on June 30, 1863 (to your editor).

Resources

  1. Tantasqua School District (great source of creative examples)
  2. Greece NY Reading Strategies (directions and examples)
  3. Anchorage School District Online (directions and examples)
  4. AdLit.org RAFT writing
  5. Augustana College (links to other sites and rubrics)
  6. Dare to differentiate - another site hosted by Wikispaces - http://daretodifferentiate.wikispaces.com/R.A.F.T.+Assignments - has links to many R.A.F.T. assignments.